Circumcision is the surgical removal of the skin covering the tip of the penis called the foreskin.Circumcision is fairly common for newborn boys in certain parts of the world for religious and social reasons. Circumcision after the newborn period is sometimes performed for medical reasons, but it’s a more complex procedure.
Circumcision is commonly performed for religious reasons. It can also be performed for social reasons such as keeping of family tradition, personal hygiene or preventive health care.
There are medical reasons when circumcision has to be performed, including:
Circumcision is usually performed with a Plastibell circumcision ring in newborns. The ring and sutures are applied to remove the foreskin.
The procedure is more complex in adults and older children. Redundant foreskin is carefully measured out to make sure the exact amount is removed. The foreskin is removed and 10-15 sutures are used to approximate the wound. A penile nerve block is performed to reduce post-operative pain.
The most common complications associated with circumcision are bleeding and infection. Other rare complications include an unsatisfactory cosmetic appearance of the foreskin where it is cut too short or too long or tearing of the foreskin wound.
The procedure is usually performed as day surgery. There will be a dressing wrapped around the penis after the operation, there is an opening for the tip of the penis to allow urination.
There will be some pain when the local anaesthetic nerve block wears off, pain killers will be prescribed to treat pain.