The male penis serves as a sexual organ and outlet for urine. It consists of 2 cylindrical bodies that lie side by side (corpora cavernosa) and are surrounded by a layer of connective tissue called the tunica albuginea. Peyronie’s disease is a condition in which plaque or scar tissue is formed within the tunica albuginea of the penis. This may cause problems such as a curved and painful erection.
The cause of Peyronie’s disease isn’t completely understood, but it is thought that it generally results from repeated injury to the penis. Trauma may be caused due to vigorous sexual activity or injuries from sports or accidents.
The initial symptoms of peyronie’s disease are painful erection and thickening of the penis. You may also notice a curvature or bend in the penis, which is most obvious when the penis is erect. There can also be symptoms like lumps in the penis, soft erection and difficulty in penile penetration. In very severe cases, the plaque may accumulate calcium and become very hard.
A physical examination of the penis can diagnose peyronie’s disease. Your doctor may ask for photos of erection to measure the bend or distortion when the penis is erect. In some cases, photographs or X-ray examination of the plaque may be required to check for the presence of calcification.
You may not require treatment if peyronie’s diseaseis mild and you have few or no difficulties during sexual activity.
Surgical options may be required if the bend in the penis is too severe to allow for sexual intercourse, surgical methods include: