A nephrectomy is the surgical removal of the kidney. A partial nephrectomy or kidney-sparing procedure involves the removal of only the unhealthy portion of the kidney, leaving healthy tissue intact.
It is indicated for kidney cancer and severely diseased or damaged areas of the kidney.
Traditional nephrectomy is performed through a large incision. Laparoscopy is a more recent approach that uses a minimally invasive technique, where a lighted tube with a camera called a laparoscope is inserted through small incisions to give your surgeon a clear view of the disease. Robotic technology has further advanced laparoscopy and surgery may now be performed with the help of robotic arms guided by your doctor. These robotic arms can be precisely controlled and are more manoeuvrable than the human hand. Robotic systems are equipped with 3D imaging instruments, which help your doctor better visualise the operative field and minimise damage to surrounding tissue.
Robotic partial nephrectomy ensures that the normal region of the kidney remains functional and reduces the risk of future kidney failure. Additionally, the procedure is performed faster with less pain, blood loss, scars and recovery time, allowing a quicker return to your regular activities.